Positions in Forex
Forex is a market where currency is a bought and sold everyday.
Trading of more than 1.5 trillion US Dollars everyday makes
Foreign Exchange one of the largest financial markets in the
world. The main aim for everyone trading Forex is to make profit
from their position.
Now, the most important question here is that, what is a position?
A Position can be defined as the netted total holdings of a given
currency. A position can also be termed as a trading view
expressed through the pattern of buying or selling. It can denote
the size of a currency either being possessed or payable by a
trader. A position can be categorized into 3 types:
Flat or Square trade or position has no exposure in the market.
Short trade or position is where more currency is sold than being
Long trade or position is the one where more currency is bought
than being sold.
Open trade or position is the one where an investor has either
bought or sold a currency but is yet to sell or buy back the
corresponding amount to successfully close the position.
Currencies are always valued in pairs in a Foreign Exchange
market. That is the reason why all trades bring about an
instantaneous or real time buying and selling of currencies, where
one currency is bought as the other is being sold.
This is the main reason why Forex is known as Foreign Exchange or
a Crossing Currencies market. The main aim of all the traders
while trading Forex is to exchange one currency with another, with
the anticipation and probability that the market prices will
change. And if that happens, then the currency you bought has the
chances to increase its price as compared to the currency that you
If the currency that you buy increases in its value as compared to
the value on which you bought it, then you must instantly sell it
back to gain the profits and secure them.
Other terms such as “Going Long” and “Going Short” in a market are
also frequently used. “Going Long” is used when you are buying a
currency and are therefore, said to be “long” in that currency.
Similarly, when you are selling a currency, you are said to be
“Going Short” in that currency.
Because the Forex market goes by the exchange system, traders can
be seen buying and selling currencies simultaneously, hence “Going
Long” in one currency and “Going Short” in the other.
An Open position is one which is current and ongoing. Here, the
trade is still going on. In order to Close a position, a trader
has to conduct an equal exchange deal with the same currency pair.
If a currency is bought by you, which has suddenly appreciated in
its value, then have the chances of making profits making the deal
and by closing your position. This means that you will have to
sell that particular currency, just to buy the counter in the